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I Folkerett | II Kilder | IV Historisk materiale

III Organisasjoner


Introduksjon

Nedenfor følger en alfabetisk oversikt over mellomstatlige organisasjoner (IGOs) av antatt interesse. Det er i hovedsak brukt engelske betegnelser. Det vises til organisasjonenes hjemmeside og til eventuelt stiftelses- eller konstitusjonsdokument. Dessuten siteres kort fra egne hjemmesider hvilket formål organisasjonene har, ved siden av noen spredte bemerkninger fra min side.

Det norske Utenriksdepartementet har i 2001 utarbeidet en oversikt over Internasjonale organisasjoner Norge er medlem av (organisert alfabetisk etter organisasjonens navn) - dessverre uten lenker videre. Wiktors Multilateral Treaty Calendar: 1648-1995 (1998) har på s. 1477 flg fjorten tettskrevne tospaltede sider med "List of international organizations". Sjekk ellers f.eks. følgende generelle oversikter:

Ikke-statlige organisasjoner (NGOs) er ikke med i denne oversikten. Interesserte henvises til generelle oversikter, bl.a. de nevnt ovenfor.

Se forøvrig Fleischers Folkerett (8. utg. 2005) s. 307 flg; og Ruud og Ulfsteins Innføring i folkerett (3. utg 2006) s. 206 flg.


Alfabetisk oversikt

Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW)

"Grounded in the vision of equality of the United Nations Charter, the Division advocates the improvement of the status of women of the world and the achievement of their equality with men."

Europarådet (Council of Europe)

"The Council of Europe's wide range of initiatives often take the form of conventions designed to bring national legal practices into line with one another and with the Council's standards. These agreements are supplemented by the many resolutions and recommendations which the Committee of Ministers addresses to member states and which play adecisive role in finding solutions to common problems."

European Centre for Nature Conservation (ECNC)

"The European Centre for Nature Conservation (ECNC) is established in 1993 with the purpose to further European nature conservation by bridging gap between science and policy. ECNC has become a renowned expertise centre offering support to the development, review and implementation of European nature conservation policies."

European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI)

"ETSI (the European Telecommunications Standards Institute) is a not for profit organization whose mission is to produce the telecommunications standards that will be used for decades to come  throughout Europe and beyond."

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

EFTA er "...an international organisation comprising four states, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland". EFTA ble grunnlagt 1947 (med flere medlemmer som nå er gått i EU) "...on the premise of free trade as a means of achieving growth and prosperity amongst its Member States as well as promoting closer economic co-operation between the Western European countries".

Europeiske union (European Union) (EU)

EU- og EØS-jussen har jeg skrevet om i webartikkelen Søk etter kildene i EU og EØS, og interesserte henvises til den.

Europeisk økonomisk samarbeid (European Economic Agreement) (EØS; EEA)

"Three of the four member states [of EFTA] (Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway) have structured their relations with the European Union (EU) in the form of the Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA), through which they participate in the EU Single Market."

For mer om EU- og EØS-jussen, se webartikkel vist til ovenfor.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

"The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations was founded in 1945 with
a mandate to raise levels of nutrition and standards of living, to improve agricultural
productivity, and to better the condition of rural populations."

Forente nasjoner (United Nations) (FN; UN)

"The United Nations is central to global efforts to solve problems which challenge humanity. Cooperating in this effort are more than 30 affiliated organizations, known together as the UN system." 

Hague Conference on Private International Law

"The Hague Conference is an intergovernmental organization, the purpose of which is 'to work for the progressive unification of the rules of private international law' (Statute, Art. 1)"

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

"The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) serves as the world's central inter-governmental forum for scientific and technical cooperation in the nuclear field." 

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

"The aims and objectives of ICAO are to develop the principles and techniques of international air navigation and to foster the planning and development of international air transport..."
"The constitution of ICAO is the Convention on International Civil Aviation, drawn up by a conference in Chicago in November and December 1944, and to which each ICAO Contracting State is a party."

International Energy Agency (IEA)

"The IEA is the energy forum for 26 Member countries. IEA Member governments are committed to taking joint measures to meet oil supply emergencies." 
Norge "participates in the Agency under a special Agreement" som ett av de 26 rike medlemslandene i OECD-tilknyttede IEA.

International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)

"The International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT) is an independent intergovernmental organisation (...) [whose] purpose is to examine ways of harmonising and co-ordinating the private law of States and of groups of States, and to prepare gradually for the adoption by States of uniform rules of private law."

UNIDROIT har 59 medlemsland, inkludert Norge (pr juli 2004).

International Labour Organisation (ILO)

"The International Labour Organization is the UN specialized agency which seeks the promotion of social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights."

International Law Commission (ILC)

"The International Law Commission was established by the General Assembly in 1947 to promote the progressive development of international law and its codification."

International Maritime Organization (IMO)

"IMO is the United Nation's spesialized agency for improving maritime safety and preventing pollution from ships."

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

"The IMF is an international organization of 183 ,member countries, established to promote international monetary cooperation, exchange stability, and orderly exchange arrangements; to foster economic growth and high levels of employment; and to provide temporary financial assistance to countries to help ease balance of payments adjustment."

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

ITU er en "... international organization within which governments and the private sector coordinate global telecom networks and services".

International Whaling Commission (IWC)

IWC "...was set up under the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (...). The purpose of the Convention is to provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and thus make possible the orderly development of the whaling industry". 
Norge er ett av 41 medlemsland.

Nordisk Råd og Nordisk Ministerråd

Nordisk råd
"Nordiska rådet som bildades 1952, är parlamentarikernas samarbetsforum. Rådet har 87 medlemmar, representerande de fem länderna och de tre självstyrande områdena. Rådsmedlemmarna sitter i ländernas parlament, nomineras av respektive parti och väljs av parlamentet. Direkta val till Nordiska rådet förekommer således inte."

Nordisk ministerråd
"
Nordiska ministerrådet som bildades 1971, är de nordiska regeringarnas samarbetsorgan. Samarbetet koordineras av de nordiska samarbetsministrarna. Ministerrådet är - trots namnet - inte ett utan flera ministerråd."

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)

NATO "... commits each member country to sharing the risks and responsibilities as well as the benefits of collective security and requires of each of them the undertaking not to enter into any other international commitment which might conflict with the Treaty."
NATO har 19 medlemsland, blant dem Norge.

Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)

"The OECD groups 30 member countries in an organisation that, most importantly, provides governments a setting in which to discuss, develop and perfect economic and social policy." Norge er ett av de 30 medlemslandene, hvorav langt de fleste tilhører verdens rikeste.

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE; Organisasjonen for sikkerhet og samarbeid i Europa, OSSE) 

OSCE - eller OSSE på norsk - "...is the largest regional security organization in the world with 55 participating States from Europe, Central Asia and North America. It is active in early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation". 
OSCE avløste CSCE (eller KSSE på norsk) i 1995. Konferansene om samarbeid og sikkerhet hadde da eksistert siden Helsinki 1973. Norge er ett av medlemslandene.

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

"UNICEF is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to advocate for the protection of children's rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential. UNICEF is guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child and strives to establish children's rights as enduring ethical principles and international standards of behaviour towards children."

United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)

UNCITRAL er "... the core legal body within the United Nations system in the field of international trade law. UNCITRAL was tasked by the General Assembly to further the progressive harmonization and unification of the law of international trade".

United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS)

"The Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space was set up by the General Assembly in 1959 to review the scope of international cooperation in peaceful uses of outer space, to devise programmes in this field to be undertaken under United Nations auspices, to encourage continued research and the dissemination of information on outer space matters, and to study legal problems arising from the exploration of outer space."

United Nations Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea

Konvensjonen av 1982 "... lays down a comprehensive regime of law and order in the world's oceans and seas establishing rules governing all uses of the oceans and their resources. It embodies in one instrument traditional rules for the uses of the oceans and at the same time introduces new legal concepts and regimes and addresses new concerns. The Convention also provides the framework for further development of specific areas of the law of the sea."

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

"The main objective of UNESCO is to contribute to peace and security in the world by promoting collaboration among nations through education, science, culture and communication in order to further universal respect for justice, for the rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the United Nations."

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE)

"UN/ECE was set up in 1947 by ECOSOC [= FNs økonomiske og sisoale råd]. It is one of five regional commissions of the United Nations. Its primary goal is to encourage greater economic cooperation among its member States. It focuses on economic analysis, environment and human settlements, statistics, sustainable energy, trade, industry and enterprise development, timber and transport."
UN/ECE har 55 medlemsstater, deriblant Norge.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

"Mission: To provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations."

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR)

"The concern of the United Nations with the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms stems directly from the realization by the international community that 'recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world', and from the resultant pledge of States Members of the United Nations 'to achieve, in cooperation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms'."

United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees (UNHCR)

UNHCR "... is mandated by the United Nations to lead and coordinate international action for the world-wide protection of refugees and the resolution of refugee problems. UNHCR’s primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. UNHCR strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another state, and to return home voluntarily."

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

"The United Nations has committed itself to help developing countries and those in transition to accelerate their development, while meeting social and environmental challenges. A family of UN agencies and institutions is working together to achieve this. One of them is a specialist in industrial affairs. That agency is UNIDO."

United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention (ODCCP)

ODCCP er "... a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs and international crime. Established in 1997, ODCCP consists of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) and the United Nations Centre for International Crime Prevention (CICP)."

United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (OOSA)

"OOSA is the focal point of the UN efforts to promote international cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space through multi-sectoral programmes with political, legal, technological and educational components."

Universal Postal Union (UPU)

"Postal services form part of the daily life of people all over the world. The Universal Postal Union (UPU) (...) is the specialized institution of the United Nations that regulates this truly universal service. The postal services of its 189 member countries form the largest physical distribution network in the world."

World Bank

"The World Bank is the world's largest source of development assistance, providing nearly $16 billion in loans annually to its client countries. It uses its financial resources, highly trained staff, and extensive knowledge base to help each developing country onto a path of stable, sustainable, and equitable growth in the fight against poverty."

World Health Organization (WHO)

"The objective of the World Health Organization (...) shall be the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health" (Constitution Art 1).

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

"The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is an international organization dedicated to promoting the use and protection of works of the human spirit."

World Trade Organization (WTO)

"The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business."

WTO og GATT
WTO ble etablert 1. januar 1995 på bakgrunn av den sk Uruguay-runden (se summary her) og har pt 140 medlemsland. WTO avløste og inkorporerte GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) som hadde eksistert fra 1948.

 

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Sist oppdatert 23.08.07 av hk.
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